Where to Retire for a Perfect Climate

Soaring energy prices are affecting people all over the world. Here in UK, people are feeling the pinch, especially those on fixed incomes, like retirees. My last bill for heating oil cost 108 pence per litre, compared to just 30 pence a year and a half ago.

This got me to thinking. Wouldn’t it be great to live in a place where the temperature was comfortable all year round and you didn’t have to spend money on heating or cooling your home. Do such places exist and, if so, where are they?


What Climate is the Healthiest?

First of all you have to define what constitutes perfect weather. This is subjective. Lots of people in Britain complain of feeling too hot when the temperature rises above the 25°C mark (that’s 77°F in old money) but for me, having spent many years in desert and tropical countries, 25°C is just starting to get comfortable. But I am in the minority.

Surveys have indicated that, for Europeans at least, the preferred temperature range is 20 to 26°C and that 22 or 23°C is considered ideal. Warm, dry and sunny weather without extremes of heat or cold is known to be beneficial to physical and mental health.

Which Places Have These Ideal Temperatures Year Round?

If you Google for an answer to this you will come up with various lists of places. One of the more systematic studies is this one by Mr. Nolan Gray where the author ranked 194 cities around the world and determined whether or not you would need air-conditioning and/or heating based on their daily mean and average high/low temperatures.

The author concluded that the 13 cities in the world with the best year round temperatures are as follows:

Antananarivo, Madagascar
Bogotá, Colombia
Caracas, Venezuela
Durban, South Africa
Guatemala City, Guatemala
Lima, Peru
Mexico City, Mexico
Nairobi, Kenya
Port Elizabeth, South Africa
Quito, Ecuador
San Diego, California
São Paulo, Brazil
Sydney, Australia

with Guatemala City having the absolute perfect climate.

That’s very interesting and I’m sure these are beautiful places but most of the names on that list do not strike me as retirement destinations when you take things like crime, safety, medical facilities and so on into account. It is no use having an ideal climate if you are too scared to step outside your front door! Even Sydney, which is ideal in many ways, suffers from high property prices and Australia does not grant retirement visas. Nor does USA. So unless you are American or Australian, or have some connections in those countries, you will probably not be allowed to retire there.

What About Europe?

A number of European regions rank highly on the ‘best weather’ lists that you can find on the internet. These include the Canary Islands, Madeira, Andalucia, the Greek Islands and Cyprus.

I have chosen one city from each of these five areas and compared them weather-wise using statistics found on climate-data.org . The five cities I have chosen are Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Funchal (Madeira), Malaga (Spain), Chania (Crete, Greece) and Paphos (Cyprus).

Climatic FeaturesTenerifeFunchalMalagaChaniaPaphos
Temperature Range
Avg. Temperature18.516.617.617.219.6
Avg. Humidity75%74%70%70%71%
Rainfall mm. per year281582485853365
Rainy Days per year4983486941
Hours Sunshine per day7.
Months with average
temperature below 15
Months with average
temperature above 26
Average High/Low
Sea Temperature
18 / 2318 / 2415 / 2314 / 2517 / 28

Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain

Tenerife Postcard

This city’s temperatures move in a comfortable range of 14.3 – 23°C with an annual average temperature of 18.5°C. The average humidity is 75%, the highest of the 5 areas but all of them have humidity in the 70-75% range so we can ignore humidity for this comparison.

Rainfall is sparse with just 282mm per year so parts of the island are very arid although the northern slopes have rainfall and are green as shown in the above postcard..

Sea temperatures in Tenerife are swimmable all year round (15°C is considered the minimum water temperature for bearable swimming).

Overall, Tenerife has the best climate of the 5 places if your objective is to minimise your heating and air-conditioning bills but it is not as sunny as some of the others.

Funchal, Madeira, Portugal

Funchal, Madeira

Madeira has a similar mild climate with moderate year round temperatures but with more rainfall and fewer hours of sunshine.

Malaga, Andalucia, Spain

Andalucia is a big area with a variety of micro-climates. Cabo de Gata in Almeira for example is said to be the driest place in Europe with only 117 mm of rain annually. That might be ideal for arthritis sufferers but the scenery could be too barren for some. I have chosen Malaga for this comparison as it is the capital of the Costa del Sol.

Malaga has cooler winters and hotter summers than Tenerife and more rainfall, although the number of rainy days is almost the same. Malaga is sunnier. Most properties on sale in this area are equipped with air-conditioning and heating and presumably they are needed at times.

Chania, Crete, Greece

Chania has a lot more rainfall than the other places but still manages to average 9.3 hours of sunshine per day.

Paphos, Cyprus

No problem swimming in the Eastern Mediterranean in September.

Paphos has the highest average temperatures of the 5, the fewest rainy days and the most hours of sunshine. Sea temperatures are also significantly warmer in summer than the other places. More to my liking! But you would definitely feel the need for AC and heating at times.

Kyrenia, Northern Cyprus

What About Other Factors?

To find the perfect retirement destination let’s combine the climate statistics with other factors such as crime rates, cost of living and other quality of life indicators as well as the ease of getting a visa.

Crime Index (low is good)2715261930
Cost of Living Index
(excluding rent, London = 86 for comparison)
Pollution (low is good)3824302537
Healthcare (high is good)5150716064**
Traffic (low is good)81868811768
Golden Visa
Property Prices (price per sqm. outside city centre in Euro)15401400227014661325
* Insufficient data, this is the index for Heraklion. ** Insufficient data.

These statistics are sourced from Numbeo, a crowd-sourced global database of quality of life indicators. Some of the statistics lack sufficient data and need to be interpreted with caution but they give us a general idea.

Traffic Index is a composite index of time consumed in traffic due to job commute, estimation of time consumption dissatisfaction, CO2 consumption estimation in traffic and overall inefficiencies in the traffic system.

All of these countries have Golden Visa schemes which allow non-EU citizens (which includes us Brits post-Brexit) to apply for permanent residence in return for a minimum investment in property or other assets. The above rankings come from this website.

With the lowest crime rates, cheapest cost of living, lowest pollution and the best Golden Visa scheme, Funchal in Portugal pulls ahead of the competition.

Anywhere Else?

Head to the hills. Berjaya Hills in Pahang, Malaysia

I also looked at other places in the world with ‘perfect’ climates which are not included on Mr. Nolan Gray’s list.

When European powers were colonising Asia they realised that by retreating to the hills they could escape the stifling heat in the plains below and they created hill stations in a number of countries. Places like Simla and Darjeeling in India do not achieve the aim of eliminating heating bills because they are knee-deep in snow in winter but Cameron Highlands in Malaysia, Da Lat in Vietnam, Nuwara Eliya in Sri Lanka, Baguio in the Philippines and Bandung in Indonesia have much more moderate climates.

The annual average temperature of Genting Highlands in Malaysia for example hits the sweet spot of 22°C with maximums and minimums constantly within the range of 22-26°C. Annual rainfall is a whopping 2548 mm but because Malaysian rain tends to fall in short, torrential downbursts, Genting still manages to average 7.6 hours of sunshine per day. At an altitude of 1865 m it is often in the clouds and with humidity reaching 90% you would probably still want to use air-conditioning, or at least de-humidifiers, to prevent your walls from turning black with mould. I guess nowhere is perfect.

I hope this little study is helpful if you are looking to reduce your energy bills by moving to a better climate.

Chin Swee Temple–Woodblock Print

I was feeling creative today and produced this picture of Chin Swee Temple near Genting Highlands. It is supposed to look like a  Japanese woodblock print.


The Chinese characters in the seals at the top right say Malaysia Traveller (I hope!), the name of my other website. Since I am too thrifty to own Photoshop, I used BeFunky and PicMonkey to achieve this effect (they are both free). The Chinese translation came from Google Translate and the hanko’s (seals) were obtained from renshuu.org, also free.

Here was the original photo which appears on my Chin Swee post.

chinsweetemplegenting1apr11 050

And here is another version with the woodblock effect.


I think they are not bad for a first effort. Have a go at making woodblock prints from your own photos and let me know how you get on.

Chin Swee Caves Temple – Ten Chambers Of Hell

Chin Swee Caves Temple

I visited the Chin Swee Caves Temple the other day. It is situated about 4,600 feet above sea level in the Genting Highlands just down the hill from Resorts World’s casino, theme park and hotel complex.

It is a Buddhist temple which also venerates a Chinese Buddhist monk named Chin Swee who is usually depicted with a black face due to his miraculous survival from a fire with nothing more serious than soot blackened skin.

Chin Swee Pagoda with 9 levels and 285 steps. The temple complex spreads over many levels.

There is quite a lot to see in this place including the pagoda with its nine levels and 285 steps (counted them myself) which gives an excellent view of the surrounding area.

There are a number of stone statues of various lohan , disciples of Buddha. The one below is named Doorman Lohan or Pantha the Younger.  The stoned-looking one next to him is called Lindsay Lohan.

The Lohans 

The most interesting feature of the temple for me is the Ten Chambers of Hell. These are a series of grottos cut into the hillside containing life-sized figurines depicting the grisly scenes which many Chinese Buddhists believe await sinners after death.

To summarize, the Ten Chambers operate like this:

  • 1st Chamber. This is a kind of sorting office where the actions of the newly deceased are reviewed. If you have been a good person you will go straight to the Western Pureland of Great Bliss (heaven) which I imagine looks something like the village of Midsomer in Midsomer Murders.On the other hand if you have committed good and evil in equal measure during your life  you will be reborn back into this world. You proceed directly to Chamber 10 where you will be allocated a new rebirth. If you have committed more evil than good you will sent to one of the other chambers of hell to receive your punishment.
  • 2nd Chamber. Kidnappers, malpracticing doctors, marriage cheaters, suicide committers  and squatters (ha-ha good!) will be punished here.
  • 3rd Chamber. Those who disobey seniors, the dishonest, disloyal, immoral, cheats (benefit scroungers), prison breakers, seducers, forgers, false accountants and thieves (Somali pirates) will find that there are no namby-pamby judges giving out soft community service sentences here.

The controller of the 3rd chamber does not look too soft-hearted. Your squatting days are over! 2nd chamber judge.

  • 4th Chamber. This hell is for tax evaders (non-doms?), purveyors of fake medicines (drug dealers), cheating salesmen, bullies, deceivers, litter-bugs (seems a bit harsh?) and those not taking care or the poor and elderly.
  • 5th Chamber. Known as the howling hell, this is reserved for the stingy (not thrifty too I hope), those who like to fight and gamble, people who are jealous of the kind hearted, rapists, killers, human rights abusers, shooters of poultry and birds and destroyers of water sources.
  • 6th Chamber. The great howling hell. For those who disrespect Buddha and other Gods, violate ethical practices, vandals and food wasters.

6th chamber of hell  5th chamber of hell4th chamber of hell

  • 7th Chamber. The heating hell.For those who live lavishly (bankers?), commit unethical business practices,  raid tombs, have abortions,  mislead juveniles, bully the weak and fabricate the truth (paparazzi/tabloid editors).
  • 8th Chamber. Intense heating hell. For those who cause fear, panic, sadness or worry to their parents or in-laws.
  • 9th Chamber. The ultimate torment chamber! For those who set fire to homes, destroy others’ property, cause confusion, engage in abortion services, entice young men and rape young girls.

Controller of the 7th chamber. 8th chamber of hell 9th chamber of hell

  • 10th Chamber. This chamber is for those who are going to be reincarnated back into this world. The controller will determine whether you will be reborn rich or poor, male or female and so on based on the merits and demerits of your past actions. You will then be given a drink which will wipe out all memory of your past life.

Would you like to read more about what happens to humans after death? Take a look at this blog.

Chin Swee Caves Temple

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